[Epidemiology of injury and risk factors among adults in Guizhou province, 2010].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2016 Jan 10;37(1):55-9
Authors: Guo SQ, Liu T, Guo M, Sun LX, Li L, Liu D, Zhou J
OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemiologic characteristics of injury among adults in Guizhou province.
METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted among 9 280 residents aged ≥18 years selected though multistage cluster random sampling in Guizhou to collect the information about their demographic characteristics and incidence data of injury. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify the risk factors.
RESULTS: The incidence of injury was 3.5% in the adults surveyed (3.6% in males, 3.4% in females). The incidences of injury in both urban area and rural area were same (3.5%). The incidence of injury was 3.9% in age group 18-44 years, 2.7% in age group 45-59 years, and 3.5% in age group ≥60 years, the differences among different age groups were statistically significant (χ(2)=7.949, P=0.019). The top three injury causes were fall (35.0%), road traffic accident (20.0%) and animal bite (19.2%). The top three injury causes in the elderly were fall (59.3%), animal bite (22.0%) and sharp instrument cut (10.2%). Among the elderly, the incidence of road traffic injury was higher in males (1.1%) than in females (0.3%), the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=18.156, P=0.000). The incidence of fall in urban area (1.6%) was higher than that in rural area (1.1%), the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=4.616, P=0.032). Drinking and drunk driving, fatigue driving, smoking and gender were the influencing factors for injury.
CONCLUSION: Injury related high risk behaviors were common in adults in Guizhou, it is necessary to develop effective intervention measures to prevent injury.
PMID: 26822643 [PubMed - in process]